Why Implementation and Prevention Science
Only 14% of biomedical research is ever translated into practice, and among these, fully 17 years passes, on average, between the time of submission of the research article and eventual implementation. For example, cervical cancer is now uncommon in North America and Western Europe, but is the first or second leading cause of cancer mortality among women in low and middle income countries. Similar patterns exist for maternal and under 5 child mortality, and HIV/AIDS. Fully half of colorectal cancer mortality is preventable by following standard screening guidelines, yet, even in the US, coverage lags. The underlying causes of the rapidly growing cardiometabolic disease epidemic are well-known, but wide-scale application of effective preventive interventions lags far behind.