Population health in the City of New Haven, including health care access, health outcomes, and mortality, is influenced by socioeconomic disparities. These disparities exist on both the individual and neighborhood scale, and across demographics such as age, sex, race, and ethnicity. Continued analyses to understand these disparities is imperative to elucidate public health concerns and to design and to implement appropriate initiatives and interventions.
|Cause of Death (% of Overall)||Proportion of Deaths Male||Proportion of Deaths Female||YPLL Male||YPLL Female|
|1||Malignant Neoplasms (22.96%)||50.9%||49.1%||8,113||7,145|
|2||Diseases of the Heart (20.39%)||50.3%||49.7%||7,565||3,880|
|4||Cerebrovascular Disease (3.68%)||41.4%||58.6%||822.5||647.5|
|5||Diabetes Mellitus (3.62%)||48.8%||51.2%||1,468||860|
An abbreviated table of the five leading causes of death in New Haven from 2007-2016, showing the proportion and years of potential life lost (YPLL) stratified by sex using 75 years old as the endpoint.
Sample map (one of many) depicting the variation in proportions of death caused by malignant neoplasms across New Haven neighborhoods.
Considerations for resource allocation and program planning suggested by the geographic analyses and neighborhood level variations in disease burden and premature death.
This project is limited by previously available data at the New Haven Health Department. This data may be incomplete and relies on the accuracy of coroner reports, timeliness of reporting, etc. The analyses are limited by the variables collected in the data and low annual numbers of cases for certain causes of death.
Dr. Byron Kennedy, Director of Health; Brian Weeks, Epidemiologist; Brooke Logan, Health Programs Director; Dr. Debbie Humphries, Yale School of Public Health; Dr. Yusuf Ransome, Yale School of Public Health; Sheridan Finnie, Teaching Fellow; Kate Nyhan, Yale University Research and Education Librarian; and Dr. Xiaomei Ma, Yale School of Public Health.
1. Holmes N, Berube A. City and metropolitan inequality on the rise, driven by declining incomes. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution; 2016.
2. Abraham M, Buchanan M. Greater New Haven Community Index 2016. New Haven CT: Yale New Haven Health; 2016
3. R Core Team (2017). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL https://www.R-project.org/
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Center for Health Statistics. ICD-10 Causes-of-Death Lists for Tabulating Mortality Statistics (March 2011). 2011.