YSPH Biostatistics Seminar: "A Computationally Efficient Approach to Estimating Species Richness and Rarefaction Curve"
NOTE: BIS 525 students are required to attend in person (47 College St., Room 106A). All others are requested to attend via Zoom.
SPEAKER: Seungchul Baek, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County
TITLE: "A Computationally Efficient Approach to Estimating Species Richness and Rarefaction Curve"
ABSTRACT: In ecological and educational studies, estimators of the total number of species and rarefaction curve based on empirical samples are important tools. We propose a new method to estimate both rarefaction curve and the number of species based on a ready-made numerical approach such as quadratic optimization. The key idea in developing the proposed algorithm is based on nonparametric empirical Bayes estimation incorporating an interpolated rarefaction curve through quadratic optimization with linear constraints based on g-modeling in Efron (2014). Our proposed algorithm is easily implemented and shows better performances than existing methods in terms of computational speed and accuracy. Furthermore, we provide a criterion of model selection to choose some tuning parameters in estimation procedure and the idea of confidence interval based on asymptotic theory rather than resampling method. We present some asymptotic result of our estimator to validate the efficiency of our estimator theoretically. A broad range of numerical studies including simulations and real data examples are also conducted, and the gain that it produces has been compared to existing methods.
University of Maryland, Baltimore CountySeungchul Baek, PhDAssistant Professor